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School of ITEE
CSSE2002/7023 — Semester 1, 2021
Assignment 2
Due: 14 May 2021 16:00 AEST
Revision: 1.0.1
Abstract
The goal of this assignment is to implement and test a set of classes and interfaces1
, which build
on the solution for the first assignment.
Language requirements: Java version 11, JUnit 4.
Please carefully read the Appendix A Document. It outlines critical mistakes
which you must avoid in order to avoid losing marks. This is being heavily emphasised
here because these are critical mistakes which must be avoided.
If at any point you are even slightly unsure, please check as soon as possible with
course staff !
Preamble
All work on this assignment is to be your own individual work. As detailed in Lecture 1, code
supplied by course staff (from this semester) is acceptable, but there are no other exceptions. You
are expected to be familiar with “What not to do” from Lecture 1 and https://www.itee.uq.
edu.au/itee-student-misconduct-including-plagiarism. If you have questions about what
is acceptable, please ask course staff.
All times are given in Australian Eastern Standard Time. It is your responsibility to ensure that
you adhere to this timezone for all assignment related matters. Please bear this in mind, especially
if you are enrolled in the External offering and may be located in a different time zone.
Introduction
In this assignment you will finish building a simple simulation of an air traffic control (ATC)
system.
In the first assignment you implemented the core model for the ATC. In the second assignment
you will implement some of the more advanced logic to provide a very simple simulation for the
ATC.
In this assignment, aircraft queues will be introduced. There are two types of aircraft queue;
a landing queue and a takeoff queue. Aircraft can be added or removed from queues. It is also
possible to check if an aircraft is in a queue, and to retrieve a list of all aircraft in the queue in
order.
A control tower was introduced in the first assignment, but it had limited functionality. This
will now be expanded. A control tower can undertake actions such as trying to land or takeoff
aircraft, and placing aircraft in queues. The functionality for finding unoccupied gates will also be
expanded from the first assignment.
1From now on, classes and interfaces will be shortened to simply “classes”
1
A control tower initialiser is also introduced in this assignment. The purpose of this is primarily
to load information from 4 data files (which store information about aircraft and their tasks,
terminals and gates, queues, and the number of ticks elapsed) into the ATC model when the
program starts. This information will allow the simulation to be run, and for aircraft to move
between various tasks.
Passenger and freight aircraft will now also have the ability to unload their passengers or cargo.
Multiple entities within the ATC now have the option to be encoded, and have hashcode and/or
equals methods.
A simple GUI has been provided to you as part of the provided code. It is in the towersim.display
package. It will not work until you have implemented the other parts of the assignment that it uses.
The GUI has been implemented using JavaFX and consists of three classes. View creates the
main window for the ATC GUI. AirportCanvas displays the structure of the airport. ViewModel
represents the ATC model that is to be displayed. The ATC application is initialised and started
by the Launcher class in the towersim package. It loads the tick, aircraft, queue, and terminals
and gates data and creates the GUI. Most of the GUI code has been provided to you.
In ViewModel you need to implement some of the logic that is executed by events in the simulation
when buttons are pressed, and to save information in the ATC model to data files.
The functionality you need to implement in ViewModel is to:
? ViewModel.getDroneAlertHandler().
Defines what happens when the ”Drone Alert” button is clicked.
Declares a state of emergency on all terminals managed by the control tower.
? ViewModel.getDroneClearHandler().
Defines what happens when the ”Clear Drone Alert” button is clicked.
Clears the state of emergency on all terminals managed by the control tower.
? ViewModel.getFindSuitableGateHandler().
Defines what happens when the ”Find Gate for Selected Aircraft” button is clicked.
Updates information onscreen with the gate found for the currently selected aircraft.
? ViewModel.saveAs().
Saves the current state of the control tower simulation (which could then be loaded etc.).
Persistent Data & Loading Data from Files
Loading Data Files:
You need to implement loading the following from data files:
? The number of ticks elapsed.
The JavaDoc for the loadTick method in the ControlTowerInitialiser class describes
the format of a tick data file.
? Aircraft information.
The JavaDoc for the loadAircraft method in the ControlTowerInitialiser class
describes the format of an aircraft data file.
? Queue information.
The JavaDoc for the loadQueues method in the ControlTowerInitialiser class describes
the format of a queue data file.
? Terminals and gates information.
The JavaDoc for the loadTerminalsWithGates method in the ControlTowerInitialiser
class describes the format of a terminals and gates data file.
2
Example Data Files:
The following data files are provided. These show the default file implementations (when no
information has been added).
? aircraft default.txt
? queues default.txt
? terminalsWithGates default.txt
? tick default.txt
The following data files are provided. These show basic implementations of the data files. Note
that data files can contain more, or different information.
? aircraft basic.txt
? queues basic.txt
? terminalsWithGates basic.txt
? tick basic.txt
Supplied Material
? This task sheet.
? Code specification document (Javadoc).2
? A simple graphical user interface for the simulation, which is in the display package.
? A sample solution for the first assignment, available on Blackboard. You are to use this as
the base for your implementation of the second assignment.
? A Subversion repositiory you can use for Version Control.
Javadoc
Code specifications are an important tool for developing code in collaboration with other people.
Although assignments in this course are individual, they still aim to prepare you for writing code
to a strict specification by providing a specification document (in Java, this is called Javadoc). You
will need to implement the specification precisely as it is described in the specification document.
The Javadoc can be viewed in either of the two following ways:
1. Open https://csse2002.uqcloud.net/assignment/2/ in your web browser. Note that this
will only be the most recent version of the Javadoc.
2. Navigate to the relevant assignments folder under Assessment on Blackboard and you will
be able to download the Javadoc .zip file containing html documentation. Unzip the bundle
somewhere, and open docs/index.html with your web browser.
Tags in the Javadoc indicate what code has been implemented in assignment one and what code
you need to implement in assignment two. Some code from assignment one will need to be modified.
There are tags indicating places where you can expect to modify the assignment one code but these
are not guaranteed to be all of the places where you may end up modifying code from assignment
one.
2Detailed in the Javadoc section
3
Tasks
1. Implement the classes and methods described in the Javadoc as being required for assignment
two.
2. Implement the indicated features of the user interface.
3. Write JUnit 4 tests for all the methods in the following class:
? LandingQueue (in a class called LandingQueueTest)
4. Write JUnit 4 tests for the following methods in the ControlTowerInitialiser class
(in a class called ControlTowerInitialiserTest). You do not need to write JUnit 4 tests
for other methods in ControlTowerInitialiser (i.e. there will only be faulty implementations
for these methods):
? loadAircraft
? readAircraft
? readTaskList
Marking
The 100 marks available for the assignment will be divided as follows:
Symbol Marks Marked Description
F T 45 Electronically Functionality according to the specification
CF 5 Electronically Conformance to the specification
SL 10 Electronically Code Style: Structure and Layout
CR 20 By course staff Code Style review: (Style and Design)
JU 20 Electronically Whether JUnit tests identify and distinguish between
correct and incorrect implementations
The overall assignment mark will be A1 = F T + CF + SL + CR + JU with the following
adjustments:
1. If F T is 0, then the manual code style review will not be marked. CR will be automatically
0.
2. If SL is 0, then the manual code style review will not be marked. CR will be automatically
0.
3. If SL + CR > F T, then SL + CR = F T.
? For example: F T = 22, CF = 8, SL = 7, CR = 18, J = 13
? A2 = 22 + 8 + (7 + 18) + 13.
The reasoning here is to place emphasis on good quality functional code.
Well styled code that does not implement the required functionality is of no value
in a project, consequently marks will not be given to well styled code that is not
functional.
Functionality Marking
The number of functionality marks given will be
F T =
Unit Tests passed
Total number of Unit Tests · 45
4
Conformance
Conformance is marked starting with a mark of 5 (this is reduced compared to assignment 1).
Every single occurrence of a conformance violation in your solution then results in a 1 mark deduction,
down to a minimum of 0. Note that multiple conformance violations of the same type
will each result in a 1 mark deduction.
Conformance violations include (but are not limited to):
? Placing files in incorrect directories.
? Incorrect package declarations at the top of files.
? Using modifiers on classes, methods and member variables that are different to those specified
in the Javadoc. Modifiers include private, protected, public, abstract, final, and
static. For example, declaring a method as public when it should be private.
? Adding extra public methods, constructors, member variables or classes that are not described
in the Javadoc.
? Incorrect parameters and exceptions declared as thrown for constructors.
? Incorrect parameters, return type and exceptions declared as thrown for methods.
? Incorrect types of public fields.
Code Style
Code Structure and Layout
The Code Structure and Layout category is marked starting with a mark of 10.
Every single occurrence of a style violation in your solution, as detected by CheckStyle using the
course-provided configuration3
, results in a 0.5 mark deduction, down to a minimum of 0. Note
that multiple style violations of the same type will each result in a 0.5 mark deduction.
Note: There is a plugin available for IntelliJ which will highlight style violations in your code.
Instructions for installing this plugin are available in the Java Programming Style Guide on Blackboard
(Learning Resources → Guides). If you correctly use the plugin and follow the style requirements,
it should be relatively straightforward to get high marks for this section.
Code Review
Your assignment will be style marked with respect to the course style guide, located under Learning
Resources → Guides. The marks are broadly divided as follows:
Metric Marks Allocated
Naming 6
Commenting 6
Readability 3
Code Design 5
Note that style marking does involve some aesthetic judgement (and the marker’s aesthetic judgement
is final).
Note that the plugin available for IntelliJ mentioned in the Code Structure and Layout section
cannot tell you whether your code violates style guidelines for this section. To do so, it would need
complex AI capabilities, which is not realistic. You will need to manually check your code against
3The latest version of the course CheckStyle configuration can be found at http://csse2002.uqcloud.net/
checkstyle.xml. See the Style Guide for instructions.
5
the style guide.
The Code Review is marked starting with a mark of 20. Penalities are then applied where applicable,
to a minimum of 0.
Metric How it is marked
Naming Misnamed variables (-6 marks max)
e.g.
→ Non-meaningful or one-letter names
? String temp; // bad naming
? char a; // bad naming
? int myVar, var, myVariable; // all bad naming
→ Variable names using Hungarian notation
? int roomInteger; // bad naming
? ListhGatei gateList; // bad naming
Commenting Javadoc comments lacking sufficient detail
e.g.
→ Insufficient detail or non-meaningful Javadoc comments on (any) classes
→ Insufficient detail or non-meaningful Javadoc comments on (any) methods
→ Insufficient detail or non-meaningful Javadoc comments on (any) constructors
→ Insufficient detail or non-meaningful Javadoc comments on (any) class variables
→ etc.
Lack of inline comments, or comments not meaningful
e.g.
→ There needs to be sufficient comments which explain your code so that
someone else can readily understand what is going. Someone should not need
to guess or make assumptions.
→ Lack of inline comments, or comments not meaningful in methods
→ Lack of inline comments, or comments not meaningful in constructors
→ Lack of inline comments, or comments not meaningful for variables
→ etc.
Readability Readability issues (-3 marks max)
e.g.
→ Class content is laid out in a way which is not straightforward to follow
→ Methods are laid out in Classes or Interfaces in a way which is not straightforward
to follow
→ Method content is laid out in a way which is not straightforward to follow
→ Variables are not placed in logical locations
→ etc.
Code Design Code design issues (-5 marks max)
e.g.
→ Using class member variables where local variables could be used
→ Duplicating sections of code instead of extracting into a private helper
method
→ Using magic numbers without explanatory comments
? object.someMethod(50); // what does 50 mean? What is the
unit/metric?
JUnit Test Marking
See Appendix B for more details.
Assignment 1 had 16 faulty implementations. Note that assignment 2 will have a higher
6
number of faulty implementations..
The JUnit tests that you provide in LandingQueueTest and ControlTowerInitialiserTest will
be used to test both correct and incorrect implementations of the LandingQueue and ControlTowerInitialiser
classes. Marks will be awarded for test sets which distinguish between correct and incorrect implementations4
. A test class which passes every implementation (or fails every implementation) will
likely get a low mark. Marks will be rewarded for tests which pass or fail correctly.
There will be some limitations on your tests:
1. If your tests take more than 10 minutes to run (the lowest GradeScope can be set), or
2. If your tests consume more memory than is reasonable or are otherwise malicious,
then your tests will be stopped and a mark of zero given. These limits are very generous (e.g. your
tests should not take anywhere near even 20 seconds to run).
Writing Tests for ControlTowerInitialiser
Due to the limitations of Gradescope, you may not include additional save files in your submission.
This means that in order to write tests for ControlTowerInitialiser, you cannot create new save
files and load them with FileReaders.
Instead, you must “embed” the contents of your custom save file into your ControlTowerInitialiserTest
class by declaring the file contents as a String. Then, you can instantiate a StringReader
and pass this reader into the methods in ControlTowerInitialiser. For example, to test that loading
an invalid terminal and gates file throws a MalformedSaveException:
@Test
public void loadTerminalsWithGates_InvalidTest() throws IOException {
String fileContents = String.join(System.lineSeparator(),
"1",
"AirplaneTerminal:notATerminalNumber:false:0" // invalid terminal number
);
try {
ControlTowerInitialiser.loadTerminalsWithGates(
new StringReader(fileContents), List.of());
fail();
} catch (MalformedSaveException expected) {}
}
Electronic Marking
The electronic aspects of the marking will be carried out in a Linux environment. The environment
will not be running Windows, and neither IntelliJ nor Eclipse (or any other IDE) will be involved.
OpenJDK 11 will be used to compile and execute your code and tests.
It is critical that your code compiles.
If your submission does not compile, you will receive zero for Functionality (FT).
Submission
How/Where to Submit
Submission is via Gradescope (submission is not via SVN repository like in previous semesters).
4And get them the right way around
7
GradeScope will be available for Assignment 2 towards the end of Week 9. You will not be
able to submit your assignment before then (some things are still being checked by teaching staff
so we cannot provide access yet).
You must ensure that you have submitted your code to Gradescope before the submission deadline.
Code that is submitted after the deadline will not be marked (1 nanosecond late is still late).
What to Submit
Your submission should have the following internal structure:
src/ folders (packages) and .java files for classes described in the Javadoc
test/ folders (packages) and .java files for the JUnit test classes
A complete submission would look like:
src/towersim/Launcher.java
src/towersim/aircraft/Aircraft.java
src/towersim/aircraft/AircraftCharacteristics.java
src/towersim/aircraft/AircraftType.java
src/towersim/aircraft/FreightAircraft.java
src/towersim/aircraft/PassengerAircraft.java
src/towersim/control/AircraftQueue.java
src/towersim/control/ControlTower.java
src/towersim/control/ControlTowerInitialiser.java
src/towersim/control/LandingQueue.java
src/towersim/control/TakeoffQueue.java
src/towersim/display/AirportCanvas.java
src/towersim/display/View.java
src/towersim/display/ViewModel.java
src/towersim/ground/AirplaneTerminal.java
src/towersim/ground/Gate.java
src/towersim/ground/HelicopterTerminal.java
src/towersim/ground/Terminal.java
src/towersim/tasks/Task.java
src/towersim/tasks/TaskList.java
src/towersim/tasks/TaskType.java
src/towersim/util/EmergencyState.java
src/towersim/util/Encodable.java
src/towersim/util/MalformedSaveException.java
src/towersim/util/NoSpaceException.java
src/towersim/util/NoSuitableGateException.java
src/towersim/util/OccupancyLevel.java
src/towersim/util/Tickable.java
<<< must be test directory, not src! >>>
test/towersim/control/LandingQueueTest.java
test/towersim/control/ControlTowerInitialiserTest.java
Ensure that your classes and interfaces correctly declare the package they are within. For example,
8
Gate.java should declare package towersim.ground.
Do not submit any other files (e.g. no .class files).
Note that LandingQueueTest and ControlTowerInitialiserTest will be compiled individually
against a sample solution without the rest of your test files.
Provided set of unit tests
A small number of the unit tests (about 15-20%) used for assessing Functionality (FT) (not conformance,
style, or JUnit tests) will be provided in Gradescope prior to the submision deadline,
which you will be able to test your submission against.
The purpose of this is to provide you with an opportunity to receive feedback on whether the
basic functionality of your classes is correct or not. Passing all the provided unit tests does not
guarantee that you will pass all of the full set of unit tests used for functionality marking.
Late Submission
Assignments submitted after the submission deadline of 16:00 on May 14 2021 (by any amount
of time), will receive a mark of zero unless an extension is granted as outlined in the Electronic
Course Profile — see the Electronic Course Profile for details.
Do not wait until the last minute to submit the final version of your assignment. A submission
that starts before 16:00 but finishes after 16:00 will not be marked. Exceptions cannot be made
for individual students, as this would not be fair to all other students.
Assignment Extensions
All requests for extensions must be made via my.UQ as outlined in section 5.3 of the respective
Electronic Course Profile. Please not directly email the course coordinator seeking an extension
(you will be redirected to my.UQ).
Remark Requests
To submit a remark of this assignment please follow the information presented here:
https://my.uq.edu.au/information-and-services/manage-my-program/exams-and-assessment/
querying-result.
Revisions
If it becomes necessary to correct or clarify the task sheet or Javadoc, a new version will be issued
and an announcement will be made on the Blackboard course site.
Version 1.0.1 (Thu 29 April)
? Added section “Writing Tests for ControlTowerInitialiser” to provide instructions for writing
unit tests when dealing with file I/O
Appendix A: Critical Mistakes which can cause loss in marks.
Things you need to avoid!
This is being heavily emphasised here because these are critical mistakes which must be avoided.
9
The way assignments are marked has been heavily revised this semester to address many of these
issues where possible, but there are still issues which can only be avoided by making sure the
specification is followed correctly.
Code may run fine locally on your own computer in IntelliJ, but it is required that it also builds
and runs correctly when it is marked with the electronic marking tool in Gradescope. Your solution
needs to conform to the specification for this to occur.
Correctly reading specification requirements is a key objective for the course.
? Files must be in the exact correct directories specified by the Javadoc. If files are in incorrect
directories (even slightly wrong), you may lose marks for functionality in these files because
the implementation does not conform to the specification.
? Files must have the exact correct package declaration at the top of the file. If files have
incorrect package declarations (even slightly wrong), you may lose marks for functionality in
these files because the implementation does not conform to the specification.
? You must implement the public and protected members exactly as described in the supplied
documentation (no extra public/protected members or classes). Creating public or protected
data members in a class when it is not required will result in loss of marks, because the
implementation does not conform to the specification.
– Private members may be added at your own discretion.
? Never import the org.junit.jupiter.api package. This is from JUnit 5. This will automatically
cause the marks for the JUnit section to be 0 because JUnit 5 functionality is not
supported.
? Do NOT use any version of Java newer than 11 when writing your solution! If you accidentally
use Java features which are only present in a version newer than 11, then your submission
may fail to compile when marked. This will automatically cause the marks for associated
files with this functionality to be 0.
Appendix B: How your JUnit unit tests are marked.
The JUnit tests you write for a class (e.g. LandingQueueTest.java) are evaluated by checking
whether they can distinguish between a correct implementation of the respective class
(e.g. LandingQueue.java) (made by the teaching staff), and incorrect implementations of the
respective class (deliberately made by the teaching staff).
First, we run your unit tests (e.g. LandingQueueTest.java, ControlTowerInitialiserTest.java) against
the correct implementation of the respective classes (e.g. LandingQueue.java, ControlTowerInitialiser.java).
We look at how many unit tests you have, and how many have passed. Let us imagine that you have
5 unit tests (it should be more than this, 5 is just an example) for TaskList.java and 4 unit
tests (it should be more than this, 4 is just an example) for ControlTowerInitialiser.java,
and they all pass (i.e. none result in Assert.fail() in JUnit4).
We will then run your unit tests in both classes (LandingQueueTest.java, ControlTowerInitialiserTest.java)
against an incorrect solution implementation of the respective class (e.g. LandingQueue.java).
For example, the getAircraftInOrder() method in the LandingQueue.java file
is incorrect.
We then look at how many of your unit tests pass.
10
ControlTowerInitialiserTest.java should still pass 4 unit tests. However, we would expect that
LandingQueueTest.java would pass less than 5 unit tests.
If this is the case, we know that your unit tests can identify that there is a problem with this
specific implementation of LandingQueue.java.
This would get you one identified faulty implementation towards your JUnit mark.
The total marks you receive for JUnit are the correct number of identified faulty implementations,
out of the total number of faulty implementations which the teaching staff create.
If your unit tests identified 60% of the faulty implementations, you would receive a mark of:
60% of 20 → 12/20.
11

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